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Accession Number ADA583880
Title Engine of Change: The Evolution of Culture into the Army Planning Process.
Publication Date May 2013
Media Count 56p
Personal Author J. J. Herrman
Abstract The human domain and culture have always been a consideration in military operations. Throughout the Army's history, commanders have learned this aspect of war, adapting and integrating their operational plans to address various disparities in cultural norms. Yet during the period after Vietnam, the United States Army as an institution neither recognized nor prepared itself to address these considerations. Instead it focused on preparing for state-on- state, high intensity warfare. After the Cold War, however, the Army found itself unprepared for the human domain in conflicts such as military operations other than war (MOOTW) and low intensity conflicts (LIC). The chasm between the need to understand the human domain and capability was exacerbated at the dawn of the 21st century as the Army found itself entrenched in wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. By this point, the U.S. Congress demanded that the military take action to become more culturally astute. The Army began to adapt by augmenting its force structure with cultural experts to address its immediate needs to understand the cultures of Afghanistan and Iraq. The publication of FM 3-24 changed the attitude of the Army towards cultural understanding. The U.S. Congress continued its push for cultural understanding in the military, and this time the Army was ready to comply.
Keywords Afghanistan conflict
Army doctrine
Army planning
Army training
Bonaparte napoleon
Cross culture(Sociology)
Cross-cultural competence
Cultural awareness
Cultural differences
Funston fredrick
Human domain
Iraqi war
Japan occupation
Lessons learned
Low intensity conflict
Macarthur douglas
Mexican-american war
Military doctrine
Military history
Operational art
Operational planning
Operations other than war
Peninsular campaign
Philippine-american war
Predeployment training
Regional expertise
Scott winfield
Vietnam war

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92 - Behavior & Society
92C - Social Concerns
92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Army Command and General Staff Coll., Fort Leavenworth, KS. School of Advanced Military Studies.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Monograph.
NTIS Issue Number 1402
Contract Number N/A

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