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Accession Number ADA583822
Title Zarqawi's Sfumato: Operational Art in Irregular Warfare.
Publication Date May 2013
Media Count 51p
Personal Author J. G. Brock
Abstract U.S. military doctrine defines operational art within the domain of conventional warfare. This monograph evolves the conventional understanding of operational art into the domain of irregular warfare. Al Qaeda in Iraq, as led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, orchestrated seemingly disjointed attacks against random targets from 2004 to 2006. This monograph determines that Zarqawi employed a unique form of operational art through deliberately planned and synchronized attacks to achieve a specific aim. The monograph derives the irregular warfare operational art definition and appropriate characteristics from an analysis of authoritative authors' works and published military doctrine on conventional operational art. The derived characteristics are used to evaluate the strategic, operational, and tactical influences of Zarqawi's organization, plans, and tactics. This examination illustrates how the leader of a terrorist organization sought to synchronize operations in time, space, and purpose to combat a superior force and achieve a strategic aim. The monograph concludes that Zarqawi did employ a form of operational art against U.S. forces, Coalition forces, Iraqi Security Forces, and the Iraqi population from 2004 to 2006.
Keywords Abu musab al-zarqawi
Al qaeda
Al qaeda in iraq
Al-zarqawi abu musab
Army doctrine
Asymmetric warfare
Civilian population
Coalition forces
Conventional warfare
Employment of forces
Iraqi security forces
Iraqi war
Irregular warfare
Joint doctrine
Joint military activities
Military doctrine
Military planning
Military tactics
Operational art
Osama bin laden
Strategic warfare
Tactical warfare

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
74 - Military Sciences
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Army Command and General Staff Coll., Fort Leavenworth, KS. School of Advanced Military Studies.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Monograph.
NTIS Issue Number 1402
Contract Number N/A

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