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Accession Number ADA582382
Title Struggle for Yemen and the Challenge of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.
Publication Date Jun 2013
Media Count 124p
Personal Author W. A. Terrill
Abstract In recent years, al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) has been widely recognized as a more dangerous regional and international terrorist organization than the original al-Qaeda led by Osama bin Laden until his 2011 death. AQAP (which Yemenis simply call al-Qaeda) grew out of the original al- Qaeda group and maintains a radical outlook based heavily on bin Laden s extremist ideology. This radical group became prominent in the early 2000s when it began terrorist operations in Saudi Arabia, although it was ultimately defeated in that country. Following this defeat, AQAP retained its name and re- grouped in Yemen, merging with the local al-Qaeda organization operating there. In Yemen, AQAP was eventually able to present a strong challenge to that country s government. Over time, the group was also able to become almost totally independent of the original al-Qaeda, although it still preserves a public veneer of subordination. These developments, as well as the lessons from and future of the AQAP threat, are considered in depth in this monograph by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill. Dr. Terrill uses this monograph to explore how Yemen s Arab Spring uprising paralyzed that country s government and shattered its military into hostile factions for over a year beginning in early 2011. This prolonged crisis prevented Yemen s government, under President Ali Abdullah Saleh, from doing much more than attempting to survive. Saleh used those military units that remained loyal to him for regime protection against anti-government demonstrators and troops who defected to those demonstrators. The uprising subsequently led to a security vacuum that helped allow AQAP and its insurgent force, Ansar al-Shariah, to expand their activities beyond terrorism due to the government s preoccupation with the Arab Spring. Although AQAP and the Arab Spring demonstrators felt no kinship towards each other, AQAP was more than willing to take advantage of the disorder produced by the uprising.
Keywords Aqap(Al-qaeda in the arabian peninsula)
Arab spring
Arabia
Government(Foreign)
History
Insurgency
Military assistance
Military forces(Foreign)
Terrorists
Yemen


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92 - Behavior & Society
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Army War Coll. Strategic Studies Inst., Carlisle Barracks, PA.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Monograph.
NTIS Issue Number 1326
Contract Number N/A

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