Accession Number ADA581688
Title Photochemical Transformation of Munitions Constituents in Marine Waters.
Publication Date May 2012
Media Count 42p
Personal Author D. L. Prak D. W. O'Sullivan
Abstract Previously the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) had sponsored work on the transport and transformation of munitions compounds (MC) in coastal aquatic systems. In the area of photolysis, recent work has suggested that the rate of transformation of compounds such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) is rapid in seawater, but very little work has been done to determine what products are formed in a salt water environment and the rate at which those products undergo photochemical decay. Rapid transformation rates of some munitions in marine waters, through photolysis, dilution and metabolism, suggest that these munitions may not pose a long term pollution problem. However, if the transformation products are more toxic than the parent compound, then the liability of the Navy remains. In addition if the transformation pathways and rates are not fully characterized in marine systems, the lack of scientific information could lead to poor remediation and management decisions.
Keywords Ammunition
Dilution
Photochemical reactions
Photolysis
Pollution
Salinity
Sea water
Serdp collection
Serdp(Strategic environmental research and development progr
Tnt
Toxicity
Transformations


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 79A - Ammunition, Explosives, & Pyrotechnics
68D - Water Pollution & Control
47C - Physical & Chemical Oceanography
Corporate Author Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Final rept. Jan 2011-Jan 2012.
NTIS Issue Number 1325
Contract Number N/A

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