Accession Number ADA580639
Title PCO2 and CO2 Exchange During High Bora Winds in the Northern Adriatic.
Publication Date Mar 2013
Media Count 10p
Personal Author D. Turk J. W. Book W. McGillis
Abstract Episodic high wind events have a potential for significantly mixing surface water partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2). Their effect on estimates of air- sea CO2 flux, especially in the coastal ocean, has not been adequately assessed. Here we show the response of surface water pCO2 and CO2 fluxes during high bora wind in the Northern Adriatic for a range of conditions including: stratified and oversaturated with respect to atmospheric CO2, stratified and undersaturated, and non-stratified and undersaturated. Three representative bora cases of 1.5-2 day duration with wind speeds over 10 m s- 1 indicate that in all three studied cases, regardless of pre-bora conditions, pCO2 in the surface water increases by 30-50 atm and CO2 flux magnitudes peak up to 4 folds (- 22.6 and - 24.1 mmol m- 2 day- 1 day in the winter cases and 29 mmol m- 2 day- 1 in the summer case) over the magnitude of the mean annual value. Oceanic data measured simultaneously to surface pCO2 measurements suggest that the most likely responsible mechanisms for the observed pCO2 increases were oceanic vertical mixing and/or oceanic horizontal advection. Our study contributes to a very limited set of observations currently available on the biogeochemical response to episodic high wind events in coastal areas and their role in CO2 exchange. In such coastal environments the presence of shallow depths and short horizontal spatial scales of variation facilitate the exchange of pCO2 both vertically within ocean layers and horizontally across ocean basins, which can then alter air-sea pCO2 difference across the ocean surface during high wind events and affect gas exchange.
Keywords Adriatic sea
Advection
Air water interactions
Air-sea exchanges
Carbon dioxide
Coastal oceanography
Gas exchange(Biology)
High bora winds
Pressure
Reprints
Surface waters
Wind


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 47C - Physical & Chemical Oceanography
Corporate Author Naval Research Lab., Stennis Space Center, MS. Oceanography Div.
Document Type Journal article
Title Note Journal article.
NTIS Issue Number 1324
Contract Number N/A

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