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Accession Number ADA579916
Title Low-Cost Ultra-Wideband EM Sensor for UXO Detection and Classification.
Publication Date Apr 2012
Media Count 31p
Personal Author C. P. Oden
Abstract This SERDP SEED project investigated the viability of using low-cost commercially available magneto-resistive sensors for EM induction and magnetometry. Because there are many different configurations for operating these sensors, a custom circuit board was designed and fabricated to determine which configuration would be most optimal for UXO detection and discrimination. Noise and sensitivity measurements were conducted in the frequency domain using a Helmholz coil. Magnetic biasing , electrical bridge biasing, chopper techniques, and open/closed loop configurations were investigated. The optimal configuration produced a noise density of 6 pT/vHz for frequencies above 200Hz. At 1 Hz, the noise density is - 30 pT/vHz. These results were obtained in both open loop and closed loop operation. A laboratory prototype instrument was built using the magneto-resistive sensors to test the magnetometer and EM induction response to actual UXO targets and compare with readings from similar instruments. When operating in magnetometer mode, the prototype detected an 81 mm target at a distance of over two meters. When operating in time-domain EM induction mode, measurements could be made as early as 20 us after the transmitter turn-off.
Keywords Electromagnetic induction
Magneto-resistor
Magnetometers
Magnetoresistance
Ordnance locators
Serdp collection
Serdp(Strategic environmental research and development progr
Unexploded ammunition

 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 79A - Ammunition, Explosives, & Pyrotechnics
Corporate Author Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Arlington, VA.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Final rept. Apr 2011-Apr 2012.
NTIS Issue Number 1325
Contract Number W912HQ-11-C-0037

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