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Accession Number ADA575212
Title RDX in Plant Tissue: Leading to Humification in Surface Soils.
Publication Date Jan 2013
Media Count 83p
Personal Author C. B. Hadden C. M. Reynolds D. B. Ringelberg K. L. Foley L. A. Newman
Abstract The overall objective was to improve the understanding of RDX transformation in plant tissues and the subsequent cycling of tissue-associated RDX and RDX daughter products among soil mineral and humic fractions following plant senescence. The hypothesis was that environmental risks from RDX at military training ranges can be reduced, and possibly eliminated, through a series of coupled processes involving plant uptake, plant enzyme mediated transformation, photodegradation in the plant, and finally humification of plant-tissue-associated RDX conjugates into soil organic matter after plant senescence and leaf drop. Although the effect of each individual process may be small, the combined effects of the processes taken as a system for sustainability may have a significant impact on RDX residues on surface soils. If so, they may lead to feasible range sustainability management practices. RDX is found in the soils and groundwater of bombing ranges and manufacturing sites. Plants of the family Lamiaceae were used to determine if either their enzymatic activities could accelerate the degradation of RDX once taken up from an aqueous solution. Plant tissue with higher chlorophyll content was found to contain higher concentrations of RDX, while the presence of anthocyanin appeared to have no impact. Of the four varieties of mint tested, chocolate mint, a variety of spearmint Mentha spicata, had significantly lower RDX concentrations in its leaf tissues. Further research is needed to determine what processes are responsible for the reduced RDX content. Ascorbate, pH, and glutathione (GSH) were found to be statistically significant factors in the photodegradation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), a process applicable to RDX. Ascorbate and pH increased the rate of TNT degradation, whereas GSH inhibited it. Photo-induced degradation of TNT occurs at approximately the same rate in extract-based solution.
Keywords Anthocyanins
Chlorophylls
Enzyme mediated transformation
Glutathione
Humification
Leachate toxicity
Leaves
Metabolic pathways
Military facilities
Military training ranges
Organic pigments
Photodegradation
Photolysis
Plant tissue
Plant uptake
Plants(Botany)
Pollution
Ranges(Facilities)
Rdx
Rdx pollution
Rdx transformation
Tnt
Tnt pollution
Toxicity


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 57C - Botany
57Z - Zoology
99E - Photochemistry and Radiation Chemistry
79A - Ammunition, Explosives, & Pyrotechnics
Corporate Author Engineering Research and Development Center, Hanover, NH. Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Final rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1319
Contract Number ERDC/CRREL-TR-13-4

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