Documents in the NTIS Technical Reports collection are the results of federally funded research. They are directly submitted to or collected by NTIS from Federal agencies for permanent accessibility to industry, academia and the public.  Before purchasing from NTIS, you may want to check for free access from (1) the issuing organization's website; (2) the U.S. Government Printing Office's Federal Digital System website http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys; (3) the federal government Internet portal USA.gov; or (4) a web search conducted using a commercial search engine such as http://www.google.com.
Accession Number ADA575075
Title Development of siRNA Technology to Prevent Scar Formation in Tendon Repair.
Publication Date Oct 2012
Media Count 21p
Personal Author R. J. O'Keefe
Abstract Tendons are exquisite tissues that connect muscle to bone and couple muscle contraction to movement of the skeletal elements. The development of adhesions is a major complication associated with injury to muscles and tendons. Adhesions most commonly occur in intrasynovial locations and are common in Zone II flexor injuries of the hand (up to 30-40% of patients). Despite careful microscopic surgical approaches, optimal suture techniques and materials, and aggressive hand rehabilitation protocols tendon scarring/adhesions continues as an unsolved medical problem, particularly in severe in complex battlefield wounds. The scar tissues that form can severely compromise otherwise successful reconstructions of bone and other tissues. Continued outstanding progress has been made on our goal of establishing an innovative new method to prevent scar formation. This is based on the use of anti-sense oligonucleotides (ASOs) that target and inhibit the expression of TGF-beta1, Smad3, and CTGF (all members of the TGF-beta signaling pathway). Using an animal model of tendon injury and repair, biomechanical, histological, and gene expression analysis all show evidence of reduced scar formation while not impairing the strength of the tendon repair. This approach has tremendous relevance for translation to human studies to improve function in the injured soldier.
Keywords Adhesion
Antisense therapy
Bones
Genes
Muscles
Repair
Scars
Sutures
Tendons
Wounds and injuries

 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 57A - Anatomy
57S - Physiology
57E - Clinical Medicine
Corporate Author Rochester Univ., NY.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Annual rept. 30 Sep 2011-31 Sep 2012.
NTIS Issue Number 1319
Contract Number W81XWH-10-1-0841

Science and Technology Highlights

See a sampling of the latest scientific, technical and engineering information from NTIS in the NTIS Technical Reports Newsletter

Acrobat Reader Mobile    Acrobat Reader