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Accession Number ADA574673
Title Triggers of Violence in New Religious Movements.
Publication Date Dec 2012
Media Count 83p
Personal Author D. M. Taylor K. W. Struve
Abstract This thesis investigates whether New Religious Movements (NRM) share certain attributes (i.e., characteristics) that might help determine their propensity for violence. The goal was a model that a government or civil authority could use to analyze a budding religious movement to determine whether it might become violent. The research includes only post-World War II NRMs, and religious sects were excluded. A review of relevant literature on NRMs and religious violence highlighted 10 characteristics that seem to be prevalent in violent NRMs: dramatic denouements, strict rule of law and high commitment, supernaturalism, new religion or new teachings, isolationism, apocalyptic teachings, charismatic leadership, absolute leader authority, group fragility, and repression from the state or politics. These 10 attributes were used to grade four NRMs (Aum Shinrikyo, Branch Davidians, People's Temple, and Scientology), and the results were analyzed using Social Network Analysis (SNA) techniques. The results show that violent NRMs cluster together, meaning that they are more closely associated with certain attributes. The attribute scores for dramatic denouements, strict rule of law, apocalyptic teachings, and isolationism were substantially more associated with violent NRMs than with nonviolent NRMs.
Keywords Aum shinrikyo
Branch davidians
Case studies
Markers of violence
New religious movements
Organization risk analyzer
People's temple
Risk analysis
Sectarian violence
Similarity correlation
Social network analysis
Transition to violence
Violence indicators
Violence triggers

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92C - Social Concerns
92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. Defense Analysis Dept.
Document Type Thesis
Title Note Master's thesis.
NTIS Issue Number 1318
Contract Number N/A

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