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Accession Number ADA574564
Title Comparative Study of Base Community Relations in Japan.
Publication Date Dec 2012
Media Count 73p
Personal Author J. M. Volkle
Abstract U.S. military bases in Japan have dealt with differing levels of controversy since the end of World War II. Since the mid-1990s, this has been especially true of Okinawa. After the 1995 rape of an Okinawan schoolgirl, protests aimed at closing the Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) at Futenma have received an unprecedented amount of media attention. This thesis examines the relative level of controversy at four different U.S. installations in Japan: MCAS Futenma, Kadena Air Base, Naval Station Yokosuka, and MCAS Iwakuni. The thesis identifies five causal factors underlying the controversies: historical anti-militarism, major crimes, civil nuisance, aviation safety, and community profile. The author assesses the impact of these factors at the four installations and assigns a relative level of controversy to each one. The results show that Futenma is the most controversial U.S. installation in Japan. It is followed closely by its neighbor, Kadena. Next, due to its nature as an aviation facility, is Iwakuni. Yokosuka is, by a fairly wide margin, the least controversial of the four installations. The historical anti-militarism endemic to Okinawa is the primary driver of controversy in Japanese base politics, while aviation safety concerns and community profile also are significant. Major crimes, despite the media focus on them, generate little controversy by themselves.
Keywords Attitudes(Psychology)
Aviation safety
Case studies
Civil disturbances
Civilian-military relations
Community relations
Economic factors
Level of controversy
Military base-community relations
Military facilities
Military forces(United states)
Political alliances
Public opinion
Social factors
United states government

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92C - Social Concerns
92B - Psychology
74 - Military Sciences
Corporate Author Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. Dept. of National Security Affairs.
Document Type Thesis
Title Note Master's thesis.
NTIS Issue Number 1318
Contract Number N/A

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