Documents in the NTIS Technical Reports collection are the results of federally funded research. They are directly submitted to or collected by NTIS from Federal agencies for permanent accessibility to industry, academia and the public.  Before purchasing from NTIS, you may want to check for free access from (1) the issuing organization's website; (2) the U.S. Government Printing Office's Federal Digital System website http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys; (3) the federal government Internet portal USA.gov; or (4) a web search conducted using a commercial search engine such as http://www.google.com.
Accession Number ADA574480
Title Psychological Hardiness and Coping Style as Risk/Resilience Factors for Alcohol Abuse.
Publication Date May 2012
Media Count 9p
Personal Author J. Eid J. I. Brevik P. T. Bartone S. W. Hystad
Abstract Alcohol abuse is a growing problem in the military, and a costly one. The present study evaluates the potential role of psychological hardiness, an individual resilience resource, to stress-related problem drinking in a military population. We assess the association of psychological hardiness and avoidance coping style with alcohol use patterns in a large national sample of Norwegian military defense personnel. Results show that low hardiness and high avoidance coping are significant predictors of alcohol abuse. Also, the challenge facet of hardiness predicts risk of alcohol abuse among respondents with recent deployment experience, and this effect is greater for those with harsh deployment experiences. Older defense workers are also at higher risk, suggesting cumulative occupational stress may take a toll. This research indicates that hardiness and avoidance coping measures may serve as useful adjunct screening tools for alcohol abuse in the military.
Keywords Alcohol abuse
Alcoholism
Avoidance
Domestic violence
Ingestion(Physiology)
Military personnel
Occupational medicine
Predictions
Psychology
Resilience
Risk
Stress(Physiology)


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92B - Psychology
92C - Social Concerns
57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
74 - Military Sciences
Corporate Author National Defense Univ., Washington, DC. Center for Technology and National Security Policy.
Document Type Journal article
Title Note Journal article.
NTIS Issue Number 1318
Contract Number W81XWH-09-2-0195

Science and Technology Highlights

See a sampling of the latest scientific, technical and engineering information from NTIS in the NTIS Technical Reports Newsletter

Acrobat Reader Mobile    Acrobat Reader