The NTIS website and supporting ordering systems are undergoing a major upgrade from 8PM on September 25th through approximately October 6. During that time, much of the functionality, including subscription and product ordering, shipping, etc., will not be available. You may call NTIS at 1-800-553-6847 or (703) 605-6000 to place an order but you should expect delayed shipment. Please do NOT include credit card numbers in any email you might send NTIS.
Documents in the NTIS Technical Reports collection are the results of federally funded research. They are directly submitted to or collected by NTIS from Federal agencies for permanent accessibility to industry, academia and the public.  Before purchasing from NTIS, you may want to check for free access from (1) the issuing organization's website; (2) the U.S. Government Printing Office's Federal Digital System website http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys; (3) the federal government Internet portal USA.gov; or (4) a web search conducted using a commercial search engine such as http://www.google.com.
Accession Number ADA574220
Title Role of the Military in Counterterrorism: Unintended Consequences.
Publication Date Dec 2012
Media Count 87p
Personal Author T. Erbay
Abstract In the last decade, terrorism has been one of the top threats for many countries. During this period, military organizations in many of these countries have been utilized as a counterterrorist instrument. Leading countries in the current war on terrorism, namely the United States and the United Kingdom, have used their armies, with all of their high-tech weapon systems, against nonstate threats armed with AK-47s and rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs). The United States and the United Kingdom are not alone in using their militaries in counterterrorism tasks. Other countries, such as Israel and Russia, also use their militaries against terrorists. Yet in spite of these efforts, a military victory against terrorism seems elusive. In many of the countries in which terrorism has been fought, the use of the military created unintended consequences that led to new problems that have attracted the attention of academia and policymakers. This thesis hypothesizes that the use of military organizations in counterterrorist missions generates unintended consequences on three different levels: (1) civil society and politics, (2) military institutions, and (3) terrorist organizations. Militarizing counterterrorism policies yields suboptimal results in terms of social legitimacy, military professionalism, and terrorist recruitment. The thesis presents two case studies in which state policies against terrorism failed to bring the intended results even after a long period of time. The first case study is of the British Army in Northern Ireland (1969-2007). This case is unique because the state changed its policy from a war model to a criminal justice model, which paved the way for success against the IRA. The second case study is of Israel against Palestinian terrorism. This case will show that militaries that focus heavily on counterterrorism missions lose their effectiveness in conventional fighting. The focus is on the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah that took place in 2006.
Keywords British army
Case studies
Counterterrorism
Criminal justice system
Government(Foreign)
Israel
Israeli defense forces
Measures of effectiveness
Military forces
Military forces(Foreign)
Northern ireland
Palestinians
Police
Policies
Second lebanon war
Terrorism
Theses
Threats
United kingdom


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92 - Behavior & Society
74 - Military Sciences
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. Dept. of National Security Affairs.
Document Type Thesis
Title Note Master's thesis.
NTIS Issue Number 1318
Contract Number N/A

Science and Technology Highlights

See a sampling of the latest scientific, technical and engineering information from NTIS in the NTIS Technical Reports Newsletter

Acrobat Reader Mobile    Acrobat Reader