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Accession Number ADA570434
Title Transport of Bacillus thuringiensis var. Kurstaki Via Fomites.
Publication Date 2011
Media Count 15p
Personal Author B. Simpson K. M. Omberg L. A. Veal S. Van Cuyk
Abstract The intentional and controlled release of an aerosolized bacterium provides an opportunity to investigate the implications of a biological attack. Since 2006, Los Alamos National Laboratory has worked with several urban areas, including Fairfax County, VA, to design experiments to evaluate biodefense concepts of operations using routine spraying of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Btk). Btk is dispersed in large quantities as a slurry to control the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar. Understanding whether personnel and equipment pick up residual contamination during sampling activities and transport it to other areas is critical for the formulation of appropriate response and recovery plans. While there is a growing body of literature surrounding the transmission of viral diseases via fomites, there is limited information on the transport of Bacillus species via this route. In 2008, LANL investigated whether field sampling activities conducted near sprayed areas, postspray, resulted in measurable cross-contamination of sampling personnel, equipment, vehicles, and hotel rooms. Viable Btk was detected in all sample types, indicating transport of the agent occurred via fomites.
Keywords Bacillus thuringiensis
Bacteria
Biological aerosols
Biological attack
Biological warfare
Control
Cross-contamination
Diseases
Dispersing
Field tests
Fomites
Formulations
Kurstaki
Release
Response
Sampling
Slurries
Sprays
Transmittance
Urban areas
Vehicles

 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 57K - Microbiology
74D - Chemical, Biological, & Radiological Warfare
Corporate Author Los Alamos National Lab., NM.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Final rept. 1 Feb 2011-30 Oct 2012.
NTIS Issue Number 1314
Contract Number N/A

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