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Accession Number ADA570220
Title Task-Based Design Guide for Command and Control.
Publication Date Jun 2012
Media Count 35p
Personal Author A. G. Lemon M. B. Cowen
Abstract The need for better design of user interfaces (UI) has been required by the ever-increasing complexity of command and control (C2) systems, the life cycle constraints (LCC), and the increasing operational dynamics and needs of the combatant commanders (COCOM). With usability issues becoming widespread in the C2 community, there is now an even greater need for UI standardization, which is advanced by the plan to adopt a UI style guide for C2 systems. Although UI standardization in the form of a style guide seems to be a step in the right direction, a style guide alone may be inappropriate given the inherently diverse nature of C2 systems. Here, we will discuss a more logical solution that explores a fundamental change away from the current function- based design methodology and suggests moving towards a task-based design approach. A key component of task-based design is articulated in the scientific publications within Human Factors Engineering (HFE). HFE is the domain within Human Systems Integration (HSI) that is most relevant to the System Engineering (SE) process, and ironically, is often misunderstood, dismissed, or omitted entirely from SE architectures. Other operational domains that have employed HFE design-engineering approaches have found major impacts in system effectiveness, suitability, and affordability. Development and deployment of task-based human interfaces in C2 configurations can reduce LCC and improve the operational capability available to the COCOM. Operation of C2 systems must be driven by what needs to happen next in the command environment, not by the limitations of a function-based user interface.
Keywords Command and control systems
Human factors engineering
Man computer interface
User interfaces
User needs

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 95D - Human Factors Engineering
45C - Common Carrier & Satellite
Corporate Author Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command, San Diego, CA.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Conference paper.
NTIS Issue Number 1314
Contract Number N/A

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