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Accession Number ADA569809
Title Insect Repellents and Associated Personal Protection for a Reduction in Human Disease.
Publication Date 2012
Media Count 10p
Personal Author D. Strickman M. Debboun
Abstract Personal protection measures against biting arthropods include topical insect repellents, area repellents, insecticide-treated bednets and treated clothing. The literature on the effectiveness of personal protection products against arthropods is mainly limited to studies of prevention of bites, rather than prevention of disease. Tungiasis was successfully controlled by application of topical repellents and scrub typhus was reduced through the use of treated clothing. Successful reduction of leishmaniasis was achieved through the use of topical repellents, treated bednets and treated clothing in individual studies. Malaria has been reduced by the use of insecticide-treated bednets (ITN), certain campaigns involving topical repellents, and the combination of treated bednets and topical repellents. Although area repellents such as mosquito coils are used extensively, their ability to protect humans from vectortransmitted pathogens has not been proven. Taken together, the literature indicates that personal protection measures must be used correctly to be effective. A study that showed successful control of malaria by combining treated bednets and topical repellents suggests that combinations of personal protection measures are likely to be more effective than single methods. Implementation of successful programmes based on personal protection will require a level of cooperation commonly associated with other basic societal functions, such as education and food safety.
Keywords Arthropoda
Culicidae
Diseases
Education
Food
Humans
Insect repellents
Malaria
Pathogenic microorganisms
Prevention
Public health
Repellents
Scrub typhus


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 57P - Pest Control
57E - Clinical Medicine
57K - Microbiology
Corporate Author Brooks Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX. Medical Dept. Center and School.
Document Type Journal article
Title Note Journal article.
NTIS Issue Number 1314
Contract Number N/A

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