Accession Number ADA568719
Title Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress.
Publication Date Jan 2013
Media Count 40p
Personal Author A. Feickert
Abstract On January 26, 2012, senior DoD leadership unveiled a new defense strategy based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This new strategy envisions a smaller, leaner Army that is agile, flexible, rapidly deployable, and technologically advanced. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East. As part of the Administration's proposal, two armored brigade combat teams (ABCTs) in Europe will be eliminated out of a total of eight BCTs that will be cut from Active Army force structure. The Army has stated that it may cut more than eight BCTs from the Army's current 44 Active BCTs. Army endstrength will go from 570,000 in 2010 to 490,000 during the Future Year Defense Plan (FYDP) period. As part of this reduction, the Army would no longer be sized to conduct large-scale, protracted stability operations but would continue to be a full-spectrum force capable of addressing a wide range of national security challenges. The Army National Guard and Army Reserves were not targeted for significant cuts. Army leadership stated the impending decrease in Active Duty Army force structure would place an even greater reliance on the National Guard and Reserves. The Army drawdown will likely be achieved in large degree by controlling accessions. If limiting accessions is not enough to achieve the desired endstrength targets, the Army can employ a variety of involuntary and voluntary drawdown tools authorized by Congress. The Administration's proposals to drawdown and restructure the Army have a number of strategic implications. These implications include the capability to conduct stability and counterinsurgency operations, the ability to fight two simultaneous wars, shifting strategic emphasis to the Asia-Pacific region, and how the Army will maintain a presence in the Middle East.
Keywords Accessions
Active duty
Arforgen(Army force generation)
Army
Army downsizing
Army drawdown
Army personnel
Army restructuring
Asia-pacific region
Brigade combat teams
Budget reductions
Counterinsurgency
Department of defense
Drawdown history
Endstrength reduction
Europe
Force reduction
Force shaping
Legislation
Middle east
Military budgets
Military capabilities
Military downsizing
Military history
Military procurement
Military reserves
Organizational realignment
Personnel management
Personnel reductions
Post-cold war era
Post-vietnam war
Post-world war ii
Reduction
Risk
Stability operations
Unit basing changes


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 70D - Personnel Management, Labor Relations & Manpower Studies
88D - Personnel
92A - Job Training & Career Development
74 - Military Sciences
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Congressional rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1312
Contract Number N/A

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