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Accession Number ADA567101
Title Nitroamino and Nitro Energetics.
Publication Date Sep 2012
Media Count 44p
Personal Author J. M. Shreeve
Abstract The syntheses and characterization of five groups of energetic salts: 5-nitroiminotetrazolates, mono-oxy-nitroiminotetrazolates and bis-oxy- nitroiminotetrazolates; 1-hydrazinyl- 2,2-dinitro-ethanamine salts; 5-nitro-3- trinitromethyl- 1H-1,2,4-triazolates, and 5,5'-bis(trinitromethyl) -3,3'-azo-1H-1, 2,4-triazoIates; 3,4,5-trinitropyrazolate; and trinitropyrazole-1-olate salts; and three groups of energetic molecular compounds: polynitramines, mono-, di-, and trisubstituted nitroiminotetrazoles, and trinitromethyl-substituted 5-nitro or 3-azo-1,2,4-triazoles are described. The presence of nitro group(s) contributes markedly to the oxygen content in our effort to synthesize materials to compete successfully with ammonium perchlorate as the oxidizer of choice. Many of these materials have properties, including more positive heats of formation (kJ/g), competitive detonation pressures and velocities, and lower impact sensitivities, superior to those of RDX and, in some cases, of HMX. Very often water is the reaction solvent of choice which speaks positively to hydrolytic stability and enhances the greenness of the synthesis.
Keywords 1-hydrazinyl- 2-2-dinitro-ethanamine salts
3-4-5- trinitropyrazolate
Detonations
Energetic molecular compounds
Energetic properties
Energetic salts
Explosives
Heat of formation
Mono-oxy and bis-oxy-nitroiminotetrazolates
Nitramines
Nitro
Nitrogen compounds
Nitroiminotetrazoles
Polynitramines
Salts
Synthesis(Chemistry)
Trinitromethyl-substituted 1-2-4-triazoles
Trinitropyrazole-l-olate

 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 99D - Basic & Synthetic Chemistry
79A - Ammunition, Explosives, & Pyrotechnics
Corporate Author Idaho Univ., Moscow. Office of Grants and Contracts.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Final technical rept. 1 Dec 2009-30 Sep 2012.
NTIS Issue Number 1308
Contract Number N00014-10-1-0097

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