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Accession Number ADA566817
Title Effects of Fluid Load on Human Urine Characteristics Related to Workplace Drug testing.
Publication Date Mar 2012
Media Count 16p
Personal Author A. K. Chaturvedi J. L. Sershon J. W. Soper K. J. Craft P. S. Cardona
Abstract During workplace drug testing, urine specimens are also tested for sample dilution, substitution, and adulteration. Often when urine sample validity testing indicates such sample modifications, donors argue that these irregularities are due to medical or health conditions, working conditions, dietary habits, or genetic differences. There is a paucity of data correlating changes in urine characteristics after a fluid load to height, weight, body fat, and resting metabolic rate (RMR). In this study, 5 urine specimens from 12 males and 12 females were tested. These specimens were: 1 in the morning, 1 prior to drinking 800-mL of a beverage, and at 3 time intervals thereafter. Beverages tested were water; a fully carbonated, carbohydrate-rich drink; a non- carbonated, electrolyte-rich drink; and a lightly carbonated drink.
Keywords Beverages
Body mass index
Dilution
Donors(Medicine)
Drug testing
Fluids
Forensic analysis
Forensic science
Forensic urine drug testing
Ingestion(Physiology)
Pilots
Resting metabolic rate
Specimen validity
Urine
Urine specific gravity


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 57A - Anatomy
57S - Physiology
57D - Clinical Chemistry
Corporate Author Federal Aviation Administration, Oklahoma City, OK. Civil Aerospace Medical Inst.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Final rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1307
Contract Number N/A

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