Accession Number ADA566701
Title Combat Power Analysis is Combat Power Density.
Publication Date May 2012
Media Count 69p
Personal Author J. A. Zanella
Abstract Historically, the U.S. Army has had difficulty articulating and justifying force requirements to civilian decision makers. Most recently, the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq reinvigorated the debate over estimated force requirements. Because Army planners have failed numerous times to provide force estimates acceptable to the President, the question arises, why are the planning methods inadequate and why have they not been improved. This research began with a thorough evaluation of current doctrinal methods for determining force requirements to determine the rationale for their creation. The evaluation revealed that current Army doctrine does not provide a coherent method for determining force density requirements in contemporary operating environments. Instead, doctrine developers have defined three distinct and separate methods for determining force requirements: Correlation of Forces Model (COFM), Relative Combat Power Analysis (RCPA), and Troops-to-Task (T2T). As distinct processes relegated to specific operational situations, they cannot provide a comprehensive picture of force requirements. As such, the processes are only useful in narrowly defined contexts. Doctrine also ignores older established models of combat power analysis such as Lanchester equations, Weapon Effectiveness Index (WEI), Weighted Unit Value (WUV), Armored Division Equivalents (ADE), and Unit Frontages. This research demonstrated that COFM, RCPA, and T2T can be usefully applied in specific circumstances, which explains why Army doctrine writers have retained these methods despite their shortcomings. However, the Army has failed to update the models to account for new operating concepts. The Army's new operating concept, unified land operations, envisions army forces conducting full-spectrum operations, operations that blend combined arms maneuver and wide area security. The Army needs an integrated approach to determining force requirements that reflects its integrated operational concept.
Keywords Army
Army doctrine
Army force requirements
Army planning
Combat power analysis
Correlation techniques
Estimates
Force density analysis
Lanchester equations
Methodology
Military doctrine
Military force levels
Military requirements
Ratios
Tactical analysis
Weapon system effectiveness
Weighting functions


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
72F - Statistical Analysis
72E - Operations Research
Corporate Author Army Command and General Staff Coll., Fort Leavenworth, KS. School of Advanced Military Studies.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Monograph.
NTIS Issue Number 1307
Contract Number N/A

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