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Accession Number ADA566629
Title National Guard in the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection, 1898-1899.
Publication Date May 2012
Media Count 105p
Personal Author M. S. Warren
Abstract The National Guard's origins trace back to the militia of the first settlements in America. Since its inception in 1636, the National Guard has played a vital role in the nation's defense, from the Revolutionary War to the most recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. The utility of the National Guard has been questioned since the late 19th century, but political pressure from the states has always been sufficient to maintain a National Guard. This monograph examines the National Guard's performance as the primary source for state volunteers in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, 1898-1899. While the Regular Army generally viewed the National Guard as less professional and incapable of defending the nation, the results from the National Guard's preparation for the Philippines supported the Regular Army's disdain for them and seemed to indicate a likelihood of failure in combat. However, actual results from the Philippines lead to a different conclusion about the National Guard. This conclusion supports the use of the National Guard as an operational force instead of a strategic reserve, which is how they had been used since World War II. This change in the National Guard's employment is even more critical because of the economic and security challenges the nation faces.
Keywords Army
Army training
Combat effectiveness
Combat readiness
Expeditionary warfare
Filipino insurgency
Manpower utilization
Military history
National guard
Operational force
Philippine insurrection
Spanish-american war
State militias
United states army national guard
Volunteer forces

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Army Command and General Staff Coll., Fort Leavenworth, KS. School of Advanced Military Studies.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Monograph.
NTIS Issue Number 1307
Contract Number N/A

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