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Accession Number ADA566585
Title Unintended Consequences of Killing Civilians.
Publication Date May 2012
Media Count 61p
Personal Author S. K. Oehler
Abstract Mistreatment of civilians not party to a large-scale, violent conflict is not new. The perceived lack of empathy for civilians (historically and presently) points to ambiguities about who the enemy is, rules of engagement, as well as the ongoing debate about the nature of military intervention in internal conflicts. In addition, examples of violence against civilians during the current war in the Middle East emphasize changes that have occurred within the media, politics, and military operations since World War II. This comparison is useful because it provides for reflection on the international laws written explicitly to protect civilians during war because of the devastation to the European continent during World War II. When American soldiers intentionally kill civilians who are part of the population that needs protection, or otherwise violate the tenets of the Geneva Conventions, the media invites domestic and international responses, publicizing the debate. Political leaders in America have always declared their commitment to protecting human rights in the many nations in which the U.S. military deploys its troops, yet incidences of Americans killing members of the protected population continue to occur. American soldiers should refrain from harming civilians during combat operations because it is counterproductive to mission accomplishment and results in a decline in support for military intervention forces. Elaborated throughout this work are the consequences of killing innocents: instant and ubiquitous media coverage and interpretation, political discourse involving questions about the efficacy of the American military in a counterinsurgency environment, and service members who developed a lack of restraint resulting from the complexity of military operations.
Keywords Abu ghraib
Afghanistan conflict
Allied force operation
Arab media
Civilian casualties
Civilian mistreatment
Civilian population
Civilian protection
Collateral damage
Douhet giulio
Drone strikes
Fadhil zaydoon
Foreign media
Geneva conventions
Human rights
International law
Iraqi war
Japanese american detainees
Law of war
Mass media
Media influence
Military doctrine
Military forces(United states)
Military history
Military operations
Office of war information
Persian gulf war
Political implications
Prisoner abuse
Public opinion
Rules of engagement
Second world war
Social media
Strategic bombing
Uniform code of military justice
United nations
United nations war crimes commission
Unlawful combatants
Vietnam war

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92C - Social Concerns
92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
92E - International Relations
57E - Clinical Medicine
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Army Command and General Staff Coll., Fort Leavenworth, KS. School of Advanced Military Studies.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Monograph.
NTIS Issue Number 1307
Contract Number N/A

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