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Accession Number ADA566459
Title Pre-Clinical Testing of New Hydroxybutyrate Analogues.
Publication Date Jul 2012
Media Count 13p
Personal Author S. Przedborski V. Jackson-Lewis
Abstract Mitochondria are the powerplants of the cell. They produce the ATP necessary for the neurons to engage in reactions geared toward their proper function. Mitochondria contain a series of enzymes, in a chain-like array, that pass electrons along this chain via proton motive force which is initiated by complex I, the first of this series of enzymes. Complex I deficiency is considered one of the hallmarks of Parkinson s Disease as it contributes greatly to the energy crisis in the neurons. In an earlier study, bypassing this complex I deficiency using D- - hydroxybutyrate (D HB) in the MPTP (1- methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) mouse model of PD, dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta were protected. Our goal in this study is to assess the effects of D HB analogues to ascertain if they are longer-acting compounds than the parent compound. Although obtaining the first and only drug at the moment was quite difficult (it took close to 10 months), we have now initiated our first experiment which is to determine the effective dose to use in future experiments.
Keywords Alzheimer disease
Clinical medicine
Dosage
Drugs
Electric power plants
Ketogenic diet
Mitochondria
National energy crisis
Nerve cells
Neurodegenerative disorders
Neuroprotection
Parkinsons disease
Protons
Test and evaluation


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92B - Psychology
57T - Psychiatry
57E - Clinical Medicine
Corporate Author Columbia Univ., New York.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Final rept. 1 Jul 2011-30 Jun 2012, part 2.
NTIS Issue Number 1307
Contract Number N/A

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