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Accession Number ADA564708
Title Prevalence of DSM-IV Major Depression Among U.S. Military Personnel: Meta-Analysis and Simulation.
Publication Date Aug 2012
Media Count 14p
Personal Author A. M. Gadermann C. C. Engel J. A. Naifeh M. Petukhova M. K. Nock
Abstract A meta-analysis of 25 epidemiological studies estimated the prevalence of recent Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV) major depression (MD) among U.S. military personnel. Best estimates of recent prevalence (standard error) were 12.0% (1.2) among currently deployed, 13.1% (1.8) among previously deployed, and 5.7% (1.2) among never deployed. Consistent correlates of prevalence were being female enlisted, young (ages 17:25), unmarried, and having less than a college education. Simulation of data from a national general population survey was used to estimate expected lifetime prevalence of MD among respondents with the sociodemographic profile and none of the enlistment exclusions of Army personnel. In this simulated sample, 16.2% (3.1) of respondents had lifetime MD and 69.7% (8.5) of first onsets occurred before expected age of enlistment. Numerous methodological problems limit the results of the meta-analysis and simulation. The article closes with a discussion of recommendations for correcting these problems in future surveillance and operational stress studies.
Keywords Depression
Diagnosis(General)
Enlisted personnel
Epidemiology
Females
Medical services
Mental disorders
Mental health
Military forces(United states)
Military medicine
Military personnel
Reprints

 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92B - Psychology
57T - Psychiatry
70D - Personnel Management, Labor Relations & Manpower Studies
88D - Personnel
92A - Job Training & Career Development
74 - Military Sciences
Corporate Author Uniformed Services Univ. of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD.
Document Type Journal article
Title Note Journal article.
NTIS Issue Number 1303
Contract Number N/A

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