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Accession Number ADA564612
Title Review of Mechanics and Injury Trends Among Various Running Styles.
Publication Date 2012
Media Count 12p
Personal Author D. L. Goss M. T. Gross
Abstract Running-related overuse injuries are a significant problem, with half of all runners sustaining an injury annually. Many medical providers and coaches question how to advise their running clients to prevent injuries. Alternative running styles with a more anterior footstrike such as barefoot running, POSE running, and Chi running are becoming more popular. Little information, however, has been published comparing the mechanics and injury trends of different running styles. The original purpose of this paper was to examine evidence concerning the biomechanics and injury trends of different running styles. Little to no injury data separated by running style existed. Therefore, we discuss the biomechanics of different running styles and present biomechanical findings associated with different running injuries. English- language articles published in peer-reviewed journals were identified by searching PubMed, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus databases. Nearly all of the studies identified by the search were observational studies. The results showed that a more anterior initial foot contact that is present in barefoot or other alternative running styles may decrease or eliminate the initial vertical ground reaction peak or 'impact transient,' possibly reducing knee joint loads and injuries. A more anterior foot strike, however, may increase mechanical work at the ankle and tensile stress within the plantarfl exors. Wearing minimal footwear also may increase contact pressure imposed on the metatarsals. More research is needed to determine which individuals with certain morphological or mechanical gait characteristics may benefit from alternative running styles that incorporate a more anterior initial foot contact with or without shoes.
Keywords Alternative running styles
Ankle injuries
Barefoot running
Chi running
Foot injuries
Foot morphology
Injury trends
Knee injuries
Literature surveys
Lower leg injuries
Pose running
Running shoe type
Running styles
Shod running
Tensile stress
Wounds and injuries

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 57C - Botany
57Z - Zoology
57A - Anatomy
57S - Physiology
57W - Stress Physiology
Corporate Author North Carolina Univ. at Chapel Hill.
Document Type Journal article
Title Note Journal article.
NTIS Issue Number 1303
Contract Number N/A

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