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Accession Number ADA564299
Title Multi-Grid and Resolution Full-Wave Tomography and Moment Tensor Inversion (Postprint).
Publication Date Jun 2012
Media Count 14p
Personal Author W. Zhang Y. Shen
Abstract There is a general consensus that 3D reference models can be used to isolate effects of wave propagation and thus help in improving characterization of seismic sources. Advances in computation and numerical method have made it possible to capture increasingly broadband, full wave generation and propagation in 3D earth models. The main objectives of this project are to construct hierarchical, multi-grid (resolution) joint P and S velocity models and the corresponding finite-difference strain Green s tensors (FDSGT) for rapid seismic moment determination. Up to 21 years continuous seismic data from broadband seismic stations in the eastern hemisphere (latitude 55S-55N; longitude 30W-157E) have been collected and processed. Empirical Green 's functions derived from ambient seismic noise show clear Rayleigh waves over a broad frequency range. Over approximately 10,000 phase delays in 6 period bands ranging from 50 s to 600 s measured, which provide new constraints on the entire upper mantle, including the upper mantle transition zone. Several iterations of full- wave tomographic inversion have been carried out to obtain a joint P and S velocity model. Preliminary results clearly show high-velocity anomalies associated with plate subduction beneath Indonesia, southern Tibet, Iran, and the Hellenic arc. The African cratons and the west Australian craton appear as prominent high-velocity features. The eastern African Rift and Afar have deep- rooted low-velocity anomalies. Future work includes integration of earthquake arrivals and ambient noise data.
Keywords Acoustic data
Ambient noise
Earth mantle
Earth models
Finite difference theory
High velocity
Numerical methods and procedures
Rayleigh waves
Seismic velocity
Seismic waves
Seismological stations
Wave propagation

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 46C - Optics & Lasers
Corporate Author Rhode Island Univ., Kingston.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Annual rept. no. 2, 1 Sep 2010-19 Mar 2012.
NTIS Issue Number 1302
Contract Number FA9453-10-C-0217

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