The NTIS website and supporting ordering systems are undergoing a major upgrade from 8PM on September 25th through approximately October 6. During that time, much of the functionality, including subscription and product ordering, shipping, etc., will not be available. You may call NTIS at 1-800-553-6847 or (703) 605-6000 to place an order but you should expect delayed shipment. Please do NOT include credit card numbers in any email you might send NTIS.
Documents in the NTIS Technical Reports collection are the results of federally funded research. They are directly submitted to or collected by NTIS from Federal agencies for permanent accessibility to industry, academia and the public.  Before purchasing from NTIS, you may want to check for free access from (1) the issuing organization's website; (2) the U.S. Government Printing Office's Federal Digital System website; (3) the federal government Internet portal; or (4) a web search conducted using a commercial search engine such as
Accession Number ADA564166
Title From Fog to Friction: The Impact of Network-Enabled Command and Control on Operational Leadership.
Publication Date May 2012
Media Count 25p
Personal Author G. M. Snodgrass
Abstract Leaders have historically grappled with the 'fog of war,' continually seeking ways to gain access to battlefield information deemed relevant for timely decision-making. This problem was exacerbated when leaders were forced to remove themselves from the battlefield, requiring advancements in technology to overcome operational factors of both time and space. Advances in information technology since World War I have largely conquered the problem of providing operational and strategic leaders access to the battlefield, though doing so has created additional vulnerabilities in command structure and command and control through increasing centralization and a reliance on communications systems.
Keywords Afghanistan
Communication and radio systems
First world war
General officers
Military operations

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92B - Psychology
57T - Psychiatry
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
45C - Common Carrier & Satellite
Corporate Author Naval War Coll., Newport, RI. Joint Military Operations Dept.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Final rept. Feb-May 2012.
NTIS Issue Number 1302
Contract Number N/A

Science and Technology Highlights

See a sampling of the latest scientific, technical and engineering information from NTIS in the NTIS Technical Reports Newsletter

Acrobat Reader Mobile    Acrobat Reader