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Accession Number ADA564052
Title No One at the Controls: The Legal Implications of Fully Autonomous Targeting.
Publication Date May 2012
Media Count 29p
Personal Author J. S. Thurnher
Abstract The United States has increasingly relied on unmanned systems to help fight its wars, and these systems have steadily become more sophisticated. Science is now on the verge of many breakthroughs, particularly in artificial intelligence, which might well lead to the creation of fully autonomous unmanned systems. Autonomous systems could potentially attack enemies with lethal force without a human being in the loop. The possible deployment of lethal, autonomous robots (LARs) raises significant legal and ethical concerns. These profound concerns, including whether such systems would even comport with the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC), have not yet been definitively resolved. The technology, however, continues to race forward, and many nations of the world are actively pursuing autonomous programs. To prevent being surpassed by rivals, the United States will likely exploit the potential of fully autonomous targeting. Therefore, operational commanders should begin examining the legal and the command and control implications of using such lethal, autonomous robots as they help steer the future development and doctrine of unmanned systems. While the use of such systems will arguably be deemed permissible under the Law of Armed Conflict, prudent operational commanders should still implement additional control measures to increase accountability over these new systems.
Keywords Accountability
Artificial intelligence
Autonomous navigation
Autonomous weapons
Collateral damage
Command and control systems
Control measures
Decision making
Fully autonomous systems
Fully autonomous targeting
International law
Jus in bello
Law of armed conflict
Learning machines
Lethal autonomous robots
Lethal systems
Machine learning
Rules of engagement
Self operation
Uav(Unmanned aerial vehicles)
Unmanned systems
Unmanned vehicles

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 51C - Aircraft
92C - Social Concerns
62 - Computers, Control & Information Theory
63 - Detection & Countermeasures
79F - Fire Control & Bombing Systems
45C - Common Carrier & Satellite
Corporate Author Naval War Coll., Newport, RI. Joint Military Operations Dept.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Research paper.
NTIS Issue Number 1302
Contract Number N/A

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