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Accession Number ADA563988
Title Flux Pinning Enhancement in YBa2Cu3O7-x Films for Coated Conductor Applications (Postprint).
Publication Date Feb 2012
Media Count 25p
Personal Author C. V. Varanasi P. N. Barnes
Abstract It is shown that YBCO films with BaSnO3 (BSO) nano-additions, made with either a sectored target or with a premixed target using pulsed-laser deposition (PLD), have a much greater improvement in Jc at the higher fields with an H//c orientation. More than two orders of magnitude improvement in Jc was observed as compared to undoped or similarly processed Y2BaCuO5 (Y211) doped samples at magnetic fields higher than 5 T. The improvement was found to be due to the formation of BSO nanocolumns 8-10 nm in diameter in the films. These nanocolumns nucleate at the interface and subsequently grow perpendicular to the substrate while allowing high-quality YBCO to grow around them. Although similar processing conditions were used, Y211 formed nanoparticles, whereas BSO formed nanocolumns in the YBCO because of the crystal structure match between BSO and YBCO (both are perovskites) and appropriate lattice strain and suitable deposition conditions. The BSO content was also systematically increased from 2 to 20 mol% by using premixed targets of YBCO and BSO to explore the effects of BSO content variation in YBCO. It was shown that even with 20 mol% BSO addition; films can be grown without a significant decrease in critical transition temperature (Tc). While the diameter of the nanocolumns remained at 8-10 nm, the distance between them decreased from 50 nm to 20 nm as the concentration was increased from 2 mol% to 20 mol%, resulting in an increase in the number density. An overall improvement at both low and high fields was observed in samples of YBCO+10 mol% BSO. The YBCO+BSO films deposited on buffered metallic substrates showed improvements as seen on the single-crystal substrates, indicating that the BSO nano-additions can be introduced on polycrystalline buffer layers as used in coated conductors. Unlike BaZrO3, BSO seems to allow higher relative amounts of additions to YBCO without significantly depressing the Tc value.
Keywords Alternate targets
Artificially introduced defects
Barium- tin oxide
Crystal structure
Crystalline defects
Electric conductors
Flux pinning enhancement
Layered targets
Microstructural defects
Pre-mixed targets
Pulsed lasers
Pulsed-laser deposition
Rare earth doping
Second-phase additions
Single crystals
Transition temperature

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 49 - Electrotechnology
71E - Coatings, Colorants, & Finishes
Corporate Author Air Force Research Lab., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH. Propulsion Directorate.
Document Type Journal article
Title Note Journal article postprint.
NTIS Issue Number 1302
Contract Number N/A

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