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Accession Number ADA562550
Title Ethiopian-Eritrean Conflict: Security Implications for the Horn of Africa.
Publication Date Mar 2012
Media Count 30p
Personal Author T. A. Gidey
Abstract This paper examines how the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea has worsened the security situation in the Horn of Africa and created fertile environments for terrorist groups in the region. The Horn of Africa is a region in which neighboring countries have long been uncomfortable with each other. Since 1960, most of the countries in the region have questioned the validity of each other's boundaries, which were established by the former colonial powers. Since its independence, Eritrea has used military force against Yemen, Djibouti, and Ethiopia following unresolved border disputes. Unfortunately, the use of border disputes as a pretext for economic and political problems is common in Eritrea. One example of this is the war that was conducted from 1998 to 2000 between Ethiopia and Eritrea that affected the security of the entire region. Based on the principle of 'the enemy of my enemy is my friend,' Eritrea has supported armed opposition groups in the region as an indirect continuation of its conflict with Ethiopia. The threat posed by Eritrea's sponsorship of anti- Ethiopian forces that include elements clearly linked to al-Qaeda and other jihadist movements make the campaign against terrorism in the Horn of Africa difficult. This directly affects the interests of the United States. Therefore, America should look seriously at the security implications of Eritrea's lawlessness in the region. Moreover, Eritrea's isolation from regional and international organizations is moving the country towards becoming a militarized regime. The United Nations, African Union, Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD), and the United States should help Eritrea solve its problems diplomatically. From the Ethiopian side, Ethiopia should be encouraged to hold bilateral talks with Eritrea instead of making the situation more complex. This includes solving its border disputes through face-to-face talks.
Keywords Al qaeda
Algiers peace agreement
Border disputes
Boundary disputes
Colonial- era borders
Colonial-era boundaries
Criminal corruption
Economic impact
Ethnic conflict
Horn of africa
International relations
International trade
Jihadist movements
Living standards
Military forces(Foreign)
Territorial disputes
Weak governance

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 96A - Domestic Commerce, Marketing, & Economics
92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
92C - Social Concerns
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Army War Coll., Carlisle Barracks, PA.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Research paper.
NTIS Issue Number 1225
Contract Number N/A

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