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Accession Number ADA562441
Title Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Is Addressing Knowledge Gaps in Its New Acquisition Strategy.
Publication Date Jul 2012
Media Count 33p
Personal Author A. Gallegos C. Buck C. T. Chaplain D. Cunningham J. Krump
Abstract DOD began the EELV program in 1995 to provide a new generation of launch vehicles to ensure affordable access to space for government satellites. It resulted in two families of commercially owned and operated launch vehicles Boeing's Delta IV and Lockheed Martin's Atlas V. It also includes manufacturing and launch site facilities and ground support systems. Each family of launch vehicles consists of medium-, intermediate-, and heavy-lift vehicles. In 1995, DOD awarded contracts to four companies to define EELV system concepts and complete preliminary system designs. At the end of their contracts, DOD planned to choose one contractor with the most reliable and cost-effective design. However, in November 1997, the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) approved maintaining two contractors, based on forecasts that growth in the commercial space launch market would support more than one launch provider and the resulting competition would translate into lower costs for the government. In 1998, DOD competitively awarded Boeing and Lockheed Martin two firm-fixed price contracts for Delta IV and Atlas V launch services, respectively, under the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) provisions governing commercial items. Under these contracts, DOD had limited insight into contractor costs because certified cost or pricing data is not required in the acquisition of commercial items. In 2000, new market forecasts showed a dramatic reduction in the expected demand for commercial launch services and the robust launch market upon which the DOD based the EELV acquisition strategy did not materialize. As a consequence, estimated prices for future contracts for launch services increased, along with the total cost of the program.
Keywords Acquisition
Cost effectiveness
Defense systems
Ground support
Knowledge management
Launch vehicles
Launching sites
United states government

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 84E - Space Launch Vehicles & Support Equipment
84G - Unmanned Spacecraft
70B - Management Practice
Corporate Author General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Congressional rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1225
Contract Number N/A

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