The NTIS website and supporting ordering systems are undergoing a major upgrade from 8PM on September 25th through approximately October 6. During that time, much of the functionality, including subscription and product ordering, shipping, etc., will not be available. You may call NTIS at 1-800-553-6847 or (703) 605-6000 to place an order but you should expect delayed shipment. Please do NOT include credit card numbers in any email you might send NTIS.
Documents in the NTIS Technical Reports collection are the results of federally funded research. They are directly submitted to or collected by NTIS from Federal agencies for permanent accessibility to industry, academia and the public.  Before purchasing from NTIS, you may want to check for free access from (1) the issuing organization's website; (2) the U.S. Government Printing Office's Federal Digital System website; (3) the federal government Internet portal; or (4) a web search conducted using a commercial search engine such as
Accession Number ADA562435
Title From Methodical Battle to Shock and Awe: How to Guard Against the Next Great Idea.
Publication Date May 2012
Media Count 109p
Personal Author S. D. Yancy
Abstract The 'Shock and Awe' campaign that brilliantly launched Operation Iraqi Freedom ended with a thud as a right-sized invasion force proved too small to be an effective stability force once it removed Saddam Hussein from power. The Iraqi War highlights the latest example of a senior leader dogmatically advocating the use of an inappropriate doctrine or unproven concept in war. This thesis explores the reasons why this occurs, specifically how mental traps expose senior leaders to decision making errors during war planning and strategy development. The thesis uses the case study method to evaluate such errors in four conflicts. The case studies involve the French Army in World War II (Methodical Battle); U.S. Army in Vietnam (Search and Destroy); U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II (High Altitude Precision Daylight Bombing); and the U.S. Army in the Second Iraq War (Rapid Dominance). The thesis analyzes the propensity of military and political leaders to succumb to individual and group cognitive biases, thereby limiting their objectivity and causing them to support inappropriate doctrine or unproven concepts that lead to a failure to meet national or military objectives. The analysis illustrates how cognitive errors can lead to rigid thinking and a blurring of doctrine, dogma, and concept. This suggests that adaptability, an awareness of cognitive biases, and in-depth understanding of doctrine is paramount for success in the complex, strategic environment. Recommendations focus on institutionalizing organizational adaptability, increasing individual mental flexibility, and reinforcing the primary role of doctrine in war planning and strategy development.
Keywords Anchoring bias
Battle of france
Case studies
Cognitive bias
Cognitive errors
Confirmation bias
Decision making
French army strategy
High altitude bombing
Iraqi war
Mental ability
Mental flexibilty
Military doctrine
Military forces(Foreign)
Military history
Military planning
Military strategy
Organizational adaptability
Precision bombing
Rigid thinking
Second world war
United states army doctrine
Vietnam war

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
92B - Psychology
57T - Psychiatry
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author National Defense Univ., Norfolk, VA. Joint Advanced Warfighting School.
Document Type Thesis
Title Note Master's thesis.
NTIS Issue Number 1225
Contract Number N/A

Science and Technology Highlights

See a sampling of the latest scientific, technical and engineering information from NTIS in the NTIS Technical Reports Newsletter

Acrobat Reader Mobile    Acrobat Reader