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Accession Number ADA562389
Title Maritime Approach to Countering Horn of Africa Piracy.
Publication Date Apr 2012
Media Count 87p
Personal Author J. R. Toland
Abstract Piracy in the waters off the Hom of Africa (HOA) has become a multimillion dollar a year business for modern-day pirates because vessel ownership groups continue to pay ransoms. The seizing of cargo ships and ransom demands have harmful economic effects on corporations and countries. Piracy operations also directly threaten U.S. interests and citizens, as displayed during a recent kidnapping for ransom action that led to the deaths of four Americans. In addition, piracy affects global trade. Despite significant multinational counter-piracy efforts, which have included U.S. agencies and military forces, merchant vessels continue to be pirated regularly. Piracy off the coast of Somalia exists largely because Somalia is a failed state with little to no rule of law or domestic law enforcement capability. The economic situation of the people living in Somalia is dire. A lack of viable employment opportunities, a shortage of arable land, continuing drought, and increasing competition from other nations fishing off the coast have all affected Somalia's standard of living. The conventional wisdom is that the solution lies ashore, meaning the establishment of good governance and economic development in Somalia. But the international community has displayed no interest in engaging in nation building there. This thesis describes the challenges and ineffectiveness of current multinational counter-piracy operations, provides legal definitions of piracy, and discusses how the international community can best combat piracy in the HOA region from a maritime perspective. A review of historical responses to piracy includes the United States' response to Barbary pirates, the British response to Riff pirates, and the Chinese Response to East Asia pirates. The author proposes a multi-tiered, coalition-based naval force solution to piracy that uses all the traditional elements of naval power without resorting to nation building.
Keywords Cargo ships
Constitutional law
Counter-piracy operations
Economic impact
Failed states
Financial pressure
Good governance
Horn of africa
International cooperation
International law
International relations
Joint military activities
Littoral patrols
Littoral zones
Living standards
Merchant vessels
Military action
Nation building
Naval power
On-board deterrents
Unclos(United nations convention on the law of the sea)
United nations

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 96H - Foreign Business & Economics
92 - Behavior & Society
92C - Social Concerns
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author National Defense Univ., Norfolk, VA. Joint Advanced Warfighting School.
Document Type Thesis
Title Note Master's thesis.
NTIS Issue Number 1225
Contract Number N/A

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